David Chung was a bell hop in 1949, earning 26 cents a day, when he wrote this classic mele.
Hawaiian Pronounciation simple tips
Visitors to Hawaii are commonly amazed at the long Hawaiian place names and long strings of vowels in Hawaiian words. Names such as Kalanianaole Highway, a stretch of the Kamehameha Highway, and Aiea, a community west of Honolulu, leave visitors at a loss to pronounce them. The pronunciation of such words, however, is quite easy to figure out, since every vowel is pronounced. Just take your time, pronounce every vowel as you go, and you’ve got it. Well…. almost.
It’s not quite as simple as that. A number of the vowels are pronounced differently than in English. But what helps a little is the fact that each vowel is always pronounced the same way. There is no “o,” for example, pronounced one way in a word like “come,” another way in “comrade,” and another way in “moon” as is the case with the “o” in the English language. The prominent differences in pronunciation are roughly these:
|Pronounced “ah” and never “ay.” “Kamehameha,” for example, starts off “kah…,” not “Kam…” as in the word “camera.”|
|Pronounced “ay” as in the long “a” in the English language. “Kamehameha,” for example, is roughly pronounced “kah may hah may hah.”|
|Pronounced “ee” as in the long “e” in the English language. “Waikiki,” for example, is pronounced “wah ee kee kee.” “Wah” and “ee” are slurred to sound like “wye.” Try it. Likewise, “kai,” as in “Hawaii Kai,” is pronounced “kah ee.” When slurred, it sounds like “kye.”|
|Pronounced “oh,” never differently.|
|Pronounced “oo” as in “goo,” never differently.|
So can you now pronounce the name of that community Aiea? “Aiea” is pronounced “ah ee ay ah.” Slur the first two syllables and you’ve got it — roughly “eye ay ah.” “Kapiolani” is pronounced “kah pee oh lah nee.” “Hale” is pronounced “hah lay,” not like the English word “hail.”
Glottal stop or ʻokina
A modern Hawaiian name for the symbol (a letter) which represents the glottal stop is ʻokina (ʻoki ‘cut’ + -na ‘). For examples of the ʻokina, consider the Hawaiian words Hawaiʻi and Oʻahu (often simply Hawaii and Oahu in English orthography). In Hawaiian, these words can be pronounced [ha’ vi i] and [o’ ah hu], and can be written with an ʻokina where the glottal stop is pronounced. (‘w’ is pronounced ‘ve’ in the word Hawai’i) So with this in your pocket …. happy singing!
The pattern is exactly the same throughout the song, 2 bars of C, 2 bars of Am, 1 bar of F, 1 bar of G7 and back to 2 bars of C.
Stand by Me has a really distinct rhythm and to make the song recognisable you’re really going to need to emulate that as closely as you can. If you’re new to Ukulele then I’d suggest this strumming pattern repeated throughout…
Strumming pattern (D=down U=Up)
D – DU – UDU
The as you get more comfortable thing about replacing the second down strum with a chuck/chunk/muted strum so the pattern becomes…
D – XU – UDU
Finally, if you really want to push it a little bit more, you can push it by hitting the body of your guitar for a more percussive sound.